Area 1: An Introduction to Moral and Ethical Theory
The following topics underpin this course. It is suggested that up to 20 hours is devoted to this content area. Content will include:
1. The need for and purpose of morality
- How does moral behaviour help prevent society from disintegrating?
- How do moral codes help reduce human suffering?
2. How moral decisions are made
- Factors influencing moral decision-making including, but not limited to: conscience; rules and laws; knowledge of particular circumstances; and authority
- The impact of the beliefs and values from world views on moral decision making.
3. Moral world views: Religious, Humanist and Ethical Egoist
- How ideas about right and wrong come from traditions we follow
- Ethical traditions in Tasmania including Aboriginal, Humanist and Egoist
- At least one other religious world view to be considered: Christian; Buddhist; Islamic; and/or Hindu.
4. Ethical theories: Deontological and Teleological
- A brief overview of Deontological theories such as Natural Moral Law, Kantian Ethics, Divine Command
- A brief overview of Teleological theories such as Utilitarianism, Situation Ethics and Egoism.
Area 2: Contemporary Ethical Dilemmas
This area of study will be constructed to suit learners’ particular needs and interests. Learners must study at least three (3) topics and their context. It is expected that content from Area 1 are embedded within the topics. It is suggested that approximately 30 hours is devoted to this area of the course (around 10 hours per topic).
Content will include:
1. What is an issue?
- social, political and environmental issues
- how general issues such as environmental sustainability differ from specific issues such as single use plastics.
2. What is an ethical dilemma?
- how issues give rise to ethical dilemmas
- how ethical dilemmas involve one or more moral decisions to be made by individuals or communities.
3. Making decisions on ethical dilemmas
- applying the learning from Area 1: An introduction to Moral and Ethical Theory to ethical dilemmas
- considering individual and /or communal responses to ethical dilemmas.
4. Conducting investigations in Contemporary Ethical Dilemmas
Three or more topics will be chosen from the following list:
- Issues of environmental sustainability, such as overpopulation or pollution
- Issues relating to personhood, such as abortion, euthanasia and human cloning
- Issues of discrimination, such as those based on gender, age, religion or race
- Issues of responsibility to others, such as those affected by disadvantage
- Issues of moral citizenship, such as obeying the law or attempting to change the law
- Issues of online ethics, such as information privacy or cyber bullying.