The quality or state of being correct or precise.
Selecting the appropriate amplification for the performance or recording. Use of equipment, settings, location, acoustics.
- An adaptation of a composition for other instruments or voices or for another style of performance.
- A composition so arranged.
The lower audio frequency range up to approximately 250 Hz. Those low frequencies are normally associated with the kick drum and bass guitar.
A symbol indicating that the pitch of the second highest line of the staff is F below middle C.
A steady, rhythmic pulse in music that establishes the tempo of the song.
- A connective part of a musical composition.
- The “b ” section of AABA song form.
- A support to raise the strings of a stringed instruments.
A combination of three or more notes sounding at the same time or multiple notes sounding simultaneously; for example a C Major chord may consist of the notes C-E-G.
A part of a song that is repeated after each verse.
The coda is an optional addition to a song which bring it to a close.
When the parts of the whole work or fit together well, they are cohesive.
Compositional devices are musical ideas used by composers and arrangers to manipulate music to give a certain feel or sound like music from a specific period or musical style.
Copyright is a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights for its use and distribution.
Skill and grace in physical movement, especially in the use of the hands; adroitness.
The tones of a major or minor scale.
In standard music notation, the duration, time length, of a particular note is defined by how long it lasts compared to a whole note; may also refer to the length of a composition; for example 3 minutes duration.
In music, dynamics normally refers to the volume of a composition. It is relative and does not indicate specific volume levels.
A group of musicians that perform as a unit. A group that plays together. The degree of balance and ease in working together displayed by such a group.
A person who sets up a business or businesses, taking on financial risks in the hope of profit.
A promoter in the entertainment industry.
Flowing effortlessly; polished.
The plan or design of a musical work. Often defined by identifying sections of the work and describing the similarities and differences between sections.
Measured in hertz (Hz), the number of cycles per second of a sound wave or audio signal. A high-frequency sound such as 12,000 Hz has a high pitch and a low-frequency sound such as 200 Hz has a low pitch.
A general type or kind of music.
- The study of the structure, progression and relation of chords.
- Simultaneous combination of notes in a chord.
- The structure of a work or passage as considered from the point of view of its chordal characteristics and relationships.
- A combination of sounds considered pleasing to the ear.
- A musical line that harmonically complements the melody: you sing the lead part and I’ll sing the harmony.
In music, the word ‘hook’ refers to that part of a song that catches the ear of the listener. In other words, it’s a lyrical line or melodic phrase that makes the song memorable.
Spontaneous musical invention.
The level of capacity to play and use an instrument successfully or efficiently.
The degree to which pitch is accurately produced in performance, especially among the players in an ensemble.
In music, a key is the major or minor scale around which a piece of music revolves. A song in a major key is based on a major scale. A song in a minor key is based on a minor scale.
An instrumental solo.
The words of a popular song.
A musical scale with intervals of a semitone between the third and fourth notes and the seventh and eighth notes and whole tones between all other consecutive notes.
- A rhythmically organised sequence of single tones so related to one another as to make up a particular phrase or idea.
- Structure with respect to the arrangement of single notes in succession.
- The leading part or the air in a composition with accompaniment.
The pattern in which a steady succession of rhythmic pulses is organised.
A scale whose third and, usually, sixth and seventh notes are lower by a semitone than those in the major scale, giving it a less bright, more emotionally suggestive quality.
The important components or building blocks of music.
musical structure or form
Elements of musical design may include repetition, verse and chorus structure, bridge, intro, lead breaks, coda, hook, refrain, arrangement, length.
Musical expression is the art of playing or singing music with emotional communication. The elements of music that comprise expression include dynamic indications such as forte or piano, phrasing, differing qualities of timbre and articulation, colour, intensity, energy and excitement.
- A series or system of written symbols used to represent numbers, amounts, or elements in something such as music or mathematics.
- A note or annotation.
An interval bounded by two pitches with the same pitch names and the higher of whose frequency is twice the lower.
A “Public Address” system is anything that amplifies sound so more people can hear it.
Pitch refers to how high or low a sound is.
A refrain is a line, also can be the title, that is repeated at the end of every verse.
An inventory of compositions performed by a musician or ensemble.
The ability to compromise; for example, to take another musician’s ideas on board and work towards a common musical goal and to take feedback and make changes in a positive and constructive manner.
The pattern of movement in time.
A notation showing all the parts of a musical composition.
staff or stave
Horizontal lines on which notes are written. The musical staff has five lines and four spaces.
The skills and understandings used to navigate and effectively perform on stage, such as, acknowledging the audience and vocal projection.
A distinctive performance practice that differentiates music performed by a specific ensemble or artist from that same music performed by any other ensemble or individual.
The audience that the intended music or performance is for; for example, a specific age range of listeners.
The speed at which music is or ought to be played, often indicated on written compositions by a descriptive or metronomic direction to the performer.
testing and tagging
Test and tag is the name given to the process of checking the safety of portable electrical appliances. It involves two parts; first visually inspecting the appliance for any damage, flowed by electrically testing it with a Portable Appliance Tester.
The distinctness of a sound that allows a person to differentiate it from other sounds. For example, when you hear a guitar, cymbal, or violin, each has a unique set of harmonics, or tonal quality, that identifies it as a particular instrument.
Elements of time may include duration, beat, rhythm, meter, time signature, tempo.
- The sign placed at the beginning of a composition to indicate its metre. This most often takes the form of a fraction.
- A time signature may also be used during a composition to indicate a change in metre.
The character of a piece of music as determined by the key in which it is played or the relations between the notes of a scale or key.
- The quality or character of sound.
- The characteristic quality or timbre of a particular instrument or voice.
The first pitch of a diatonic scale.
A symbol indicating that the second line from the bottom of a staff represents the pitch of G above middle C.
In one of the most typical forms of American popular music of the mid-20th century, words and music preceding the chorus or refrain, which constitutes the body of the song itself.