Examine, scrutinise, explore, review, consider in detail for the purpose of finding meaning or relationships, and identifying patterns, similarities and differences.
Data that does not fit a pattern; outlier.
Conveys knowledge and/or understandings to others.
Consisting of multiple interconnected parts or factors.
Examine the component parts of an issue or information, for example, identifying the premise of an argument and its plausibility, illogical reasoning or faulty conclusions.
Evaluation of an issue or information that includes considering important factors and available evidence in making critical judgement that can be justified.
The plural of datum; the measurement of an attribute, for example, the volume of gas or the type of rubber. This does not necessarily mean a single measurement: it may be the result of averaging several repeated measurements. Data may be quantitative or qualitative and be from primary or secondary sources.
Give a practical exhibition as an explanation.
Give an account of characteristics or features.
Provide a detailed examination and substantiated judgement concerning the merit, significance or value of something.
In science, evidence is data that is considered reliable and valid and which can be used to support a particular idea, conclusion or decision. Evidence gives weight or value to data by considering its credibility, acceptance, bias, status, appropriateness and reasonableness.
Provide additional information that demonstrates understanding of reasoning and/or application.
Previously encountered in prior learning activities.
The categories into which texts are grouped; genre distinguishes texts on the basis of their subject matter, form and structure (for example, scientific reports, field guides, explanations, procedures, biographies, media articles, persuasive texts, narratives).
Establish or indicate who or what someone or something is.
A scientific process of answering a question, exploring an idea or solving a problem that requires activities such as planning a course of action, collecting data, interpreting data, reaching a conclusion and communicating these activities. Investigations can include observation, research, field work, laboratory experimentation and manipulation of simulations.
A statement describing invariable relationships between phenomena in specified conditions, frequently expressed mathematically.
The various processes of communication – listening, speaking, reading/viewing and writing/creating.
A representation that describes, simplifies, clarifies or provides an explanation of the workings, structure or relationships within an object, system or idea.
Data collected directly by a person or group.
Report of data created by the person or persons directly involved in observations of one or more events, experiments, investigations or projects.
Uncontrollable effects of the measurement equipment, procedure and environment on a measurement result; the magnitude of random error for a measurement result can be estimated by finding the spread of values around the average of independent, repeated measurements of the quantity.
Reasoned argument/conclusion: one that is sound, well-grounded, considered and thought out.
Data that has been judged to have a high level of reliability; reliability is the degree to which an assessment instrument or protocol consistently and repeatedly measures an attribute achieving similar results for the same population.
The degree to which an assessment instrument or protocol consistently and repeatedly measures an attribute achieving similar results for the same population.
A verbal, visual, physical or mathematical demonstration of understanding of a science concept or concepts. A concept can be represented in a range of ways and using multiple modes.
To locate, gather, record, attribute and analyse information in order to develop understanding.
Norms of conduct that determine ethical research behaviour; research ethics are governed by principles such as honesty, objectivity, integrity, openness and respect for intellectual property and include consideration of animal ethics.
Evaluations performed to identify, assess and control hazards in a systematic way that is consistent, relevant and applicable to all school activities. Requirements for risk assessments related to particular activities will be determined by jurisdictions, schools or teachers as appropriate.
Data collected by a person or group other than the person or group using the data.
Information that has been compiled from records of primary sources by a person or persons not directly involved in the primary event.
The use of place value to represent a measurement result accurately and precisely.
A representation of a process, event or system that imitates a real or idealised situation.
Work out a correct solution to a problem.
A group of interacting objects, materials or processes that form an integrated whole. Systems can be open or closed.
The contribution to the uncertainty in a measurement result that is identifiable and quantifiable, for example, imperfect calibration of measurement instruments.
A set of concepts, claims and/or laws that can be used to explain and predict a wide range of related observed or observable phenomena. Theories are typically founded on clearly identified assumptions, are testable, produce reproducible results and have explanatory power.
Range of values for a measurement result, taking account of the likely values that could be attributed to the measurement result given the measurement equipment, procedure and environment.
Not previously encountered in prior learning activities.
The extent to which tests measure what was intended; the extent to which data, inferences and actions produced from tests and other processes are accurate.
Having the attributes of something without sharing its (real or imagined) physical form.